For thousands of years, hemp has had many useful applications for society. Even the founders of the United States of America grew hemp for cloth and paper. It wasn’t until the early 1900s when the marijuana plant became known worldwide as a drug of abuse and labeled as dangerous, that it was lost to most of the world’s industrial societies.
As hemp reemerges and booms again, we learn that much that was previously known as hemp production and cultivation was lost. Farmers are having to relearn best practices and develop new techniques for both farming and production into goods.
Biomass is the fiber that comes from the hemp plant. Hemp fiber is extremely strong and durable. It can be used in many products, but the process by which it is broken down and used has yet to become cheap enough to compete with cotton for clothing or wood pulp for paper products.
Searching for hemp paper, for example, yields a very poor selection of products with only a small percentage of true hemp fiber. Hemp clothing is yet to become mainstream.
Technology improves and companies find better ways and cheaper ways to break down the biomass and convert it into useful materials.
New companies have been started in the last five years to develop farming techniques and biomass production.
As hemp sees a resurgence in popularity after the farm bill of 2018 was passed and legalized in production with less than 0.3% THC, CBD has also seen a very high increase in production.
CBD production and, its counterpart THC, require highly specialized extraction techniques. These extraction techniques are either alcohol-based, CO2-based, or chemical-based.
There is a Utah company that is using all extraction-based techniques to become one of the only companies in Utah providing products to dispensaries in Utah for medical use.