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Marijuana Basics

A little green to this whole thing? Start here by familiarizing yourself with some of the terms most commonly used in the Medical Cannabis space.

Common Cannabis Terms & Definitions

Cannabis Sativa

The scientific name for the cannabis plant.  You might refer to it as cannabis, weed, pot, marijuana, or mary jane, and that’s just fine. The two varieties of cannabis, sativa and indica, are considered subspecies.


Compounds that interact with our bodies’ cannabinoid receptors, produced naturally within our bodies and found in the cannabis sativa plant. THC and CBD are the most well known, but there are at least 144 known cannabinoids.


Compounds found in a variety of plants, including cannabis, terpenes are responsible for the aromas, flavors, and some of the therapeutic benefits of cannabis.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

There are 4 major types of THC present in the cannabis plant, THCa, THCv, Delta-8 THC, and Delta-9 THC, and they all have different medical benefits. For example, Delta-9 THC is responsible for giving you a head high.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

One of our favorite cannabinoids! CBD helps relieve pain, works as a sleep aid, decreases stress, and much more. Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t get you high and even helps buffer the effects of THC when needed.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

We all have an endocannabinoid system (ECS) which produces and processes cannabinoids. It works hard to regulate lots of systems, including memory, digestion, motor function, immunity, inflammation, appetite, pain, blood pressure, bone growth, and the protection of nerve and brain tissues, just to name a few.

Entourage Effect

When each part of the plant works together in perfect harmony, primarily cannabinoids and terpenes, it creates a desirable and highly therapeutic experience known as the entourage effect. It’s a beautiful thing.


A highly concentrated, purified form of an individual cannabinoid. CBD is one of the most common isolates you’ll find.


A liquid that contains a concentrated herbal extract. Tinctures can be ingested under your tongue or added to food and drinks.

Indica vs. Sativa

Nighttime use / relaxing

Daytime use / alertness

Sleep aid

Uplifting & euphoric

Appetite stimulant

Increases creativity

Pain reliever


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